In 2008, total net official development assistance (ODA) from members of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) rose by 10.2% in real terms to USD 119.8 billion. This is the highest dollar figure ever recorded. It represents 0.30% of members’ combined gross national income (GNI, see Table 1 and Chart 1 - or view the dynamic chart).
Bilateral development projects and programmes have been on a rising trend in recent years; however, they rose significantly by 12.5% in real terms in 2008 compared to 2007, indicating that donors are substantially scaling up their core aid programmes (see Chart 2).
In 2008, preliminary data show that net bilateral ODA from DAC donors to Africa totalled USD 26 billion, of which USD 22.5 billion went to sub-Saharan Africa. Excluding volatile debt relief grants, bilateral aid to Africa and sub-Saharan Africa rose by 10.6% and 10% respectively in real terms. (The increases including debt relief were 1.2% and 0.4% respectively).
The largest donors in 2008, by volume, were the United States, Germany, the United Kingdom, France and Japan. Five countries exceeded the United Nations target of 0.7% of GNI: Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden.
The largest volume increases came from the United States, the United Kingdom, Spain, Germany, Japan and Canada. In addition, significant increases were recorded in Australia, Belgium, Greece, New Zealand and Portugal.